Stars evolve according to the elements they manufacture
Stars are giant factories that produce most of the elements in the Universe – including the elements in us, and in the Earth’s metal deposits. But what stars produce changes over time.
Two new papers published in MNRAS shed light on how the youngest generation of stars will eventually stop contributing metals back to the universe.
The authors are all members of ASTRO 3D, the ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions. They are based at Monash University, the Australian National University (ANU), and the Space Telescope Science Institute.
Research using new antennas in the Australian hinterland has reduced background noise and brought us closer to finding a 13-billion-year-old signal
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The early Universe was dark, filled with a hot soup of opaque particles. These condensed to form neutral hydrogen which coalesced to form the first stars in what astronomers call the Epoch of Reionisation (EoR).
“Finding the weak signal of this first light will help us understand how the early stars and galaxies formed,” says Dr Christene Lynch from ASTRO 3D, the ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions.
Dr Lynch is first author on a paper published in Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia. She and her colleagues from Curtin University and the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research have reduced the background noise in their observations allowing them to home in on the elusive signal.
More ‘good cells’, safer treatments for leukaemia patients – Siok Tey, Brisbane
Making a virtual human cell to explore how we’re made and how we can regenerate damaged organs – Pengyi Yang, Sydney
WINNERS OF THE NATIONAL STEM CELL FOUNDATION OF AUSTRALIA’S METCALF PRIZES ANNOUNCED TODAY
SCIENTISTS AVAILABLE FOR INTERVIEWS:
Research to improve bone marrow transplantation and to use computer science to understand how stem cells work has won two Australian researchers $55,000 each in the annual Metcalf Prizes for Stem Cell Research, awarded by the National Stem Cell Foundation of Australia.
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Smart microscope slides detect cancer:
invented at La Trobe, trialled at Peter Mac, made at ANFF, published in Nature.
A new microscope slide that can be used with any optical microscope may forever change how we identify cancer cells, according to a paper published in Nature today.
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Saving lives after stroke with a small aircraft or ambulance-mounted CT brain scanner
Adelaide company Micro-X (MX1) has started developing a small CT brain scanner that can be fitted in ambulances and emergency aircraft. If successful, the device will allow paramedics and retrieval teams to diagnose and then start treating stroke patients in the golden hour – the first hour after a stroke.
Australia’s first national research and translation strategy for a mental health disorder
At least a million Australians affected by eating disorders, but only about 200,000 receive evidence-based treatment
- Leading psychiatric cause of death
- Anorexia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, Bulimia Nervosa and other eating disorders are having a profound impact on individuals, families and communities
- National research strategy launched today says we can improve early identification and treatments and even prevent eating disorders
- The strategy outlines the ten questions that need answers for us to improve the quality of life for all affected Australians and their families.
Offering the potential to:
- Drive an electric vehicle from Melbourne to Sydney on a single charge
- Create lightweight batteries for drones and submarines
- Unlock new avenues in aviation and maritime industries
- Produce batteries in Australia with Australian lithium, without using cobalt and rare earth minerals.
Corrected 31 August: ‘500 light years’ updated to ‘500 million light years’
Research reveals how star-making pollutes the cosmos
Animation available, astronomers available in Australia and UK for interview
Galaxies pollute the environment they exist in, researchers have found.
A team of astronomers led by Alex Cameron and Deanne Fisher from the ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions (ASTRO 3D) used a new imaging system on at the WM Keck Observatory in Hawaii to confirm that what flows into a galaxy is a lot cleaner than what flows out.
The research is published today in The Astrophysical Journal.
The beauty of salt
Explosive patterns from linseed oil and ink
Electricity moving slowly through wood
Extreme cinematography captures everyday phenomena