3D-printed system speeds up solar cell testing from hours to minutes

ARC Centre of Excellence in Exciton Science, Media releases

Australian scientists flag dramatic improvement to next-gen perovskite R&D

Full paper and images available. Details below.

A detail from the new 16-channel parallel characterisation system.
Credit: Adam Surmiak, Xiongfeng Lin

Tests on new designs for next-gen solar cells can now be done in hours instead of days thanks to a new system built by scientists at Australia’s Monash University, incorporating 3D-printed key components.

The machine can analyse 16 sample perovskite-based solar cells simultaneously, in parallel, dramatically speeding up the process.

The invention means that the performance and commercial potential of new compounds can be very rapidly evaluated, significantly speeding up the development process.

“Third generation perovskite cells have boosted performance to above 25%, which is almost identical to the efficiency level for conventional silicon-based ones,” said project leader Mr Adam Surmiak from the ARC Centre of Excellence in Exciton Science (Exciton Science).

“But those results are from laboratory tests on millimetre-sized samples in indoor conditions – and therefore don’t take into account a whole range of real-world factors such as environmental conditions, the use to which the cells are put, the manufacturing process, and possible deterioration over time.

“To make proper decisions, we need to know how each different cell design will function at large scales in the real world – and to do that we need a proper data library so we can pick the best candidates to take to that next stage. This new system lets us build that very rapidly and speed up transition from laboratory to fabrication.”

Getting the recipe right for perovskite solar cells is regarded as critically important to the transition away from fossil fuels and towards renewable energy generation. They cost about 10 times less than silicon cells and are much cheaper to manufacture.

Rooftop solar panels made from perovskite will pay for themselves within months instead of years, which is the case with present models.

To achieve the high level of precision needed to build the system, PhD candidate Surmiak and his colleagues turned to Monash University’s Instrumentation Facility and the Melbourne Centre for Nanofabrication, part of the Australian National Fabrication Facility – highly specialised machining and equipment facilities. There, the researchers’ designs were produced using ultra-detailed milling and a 16-micrometre precision 3D printer.

Alongside the development and set-up of this new testing facility, Mr Surmiak was also able to significantly speed up the actual solar cell fabrication process.

The head of the Monash University lab in which Surmiak works, Professor Udo Bach, a chief investigator with Exciton Science, described the invention as world-leading.

“Experimental high-throughput concepts will become increasingly important for the discovery of the next generation of energy materials, fueling the transition to a carbon-neutral energy economy,” he said.

“Our new set-up has the capacity to test thousands of solar cells in one single day, putting us ahead of practically all other R&D labs worldwide.”

Mr Surmiak and Professor Bach worked with Dr Tian Zhan, Dr Jianfeng Lu, Dr Kevin Rietwyk, Dr Sonia Ruiz Raga and Dr David McMeekin, all from Exciton Science.

The research is published in the journal Solar RRL.


Media contacts

All Melbourne-based, UTC +10.

First author: Adam Surmiak: adam.surmiak@monash.edu; +61 431 125 222

Senior author: Udo Bach: udo.bach@monash.edu; +61 434 578 315

Iain Strachan, ARC Centre of Excellence in Exciton Science: iain.strachan@unimelb.edu.au; +61 476 992 487

Andrew Masterson, Science in Public: andrew@scienceinpublic.com.au; +61 488 777 179

Image captions and credits

The new 16-channel parallel characterisation system dramatically seeds up testing for new perovskite solar cell designs.
Credit: Adam Surmiak, Xiongfeng Lin
A detail from the new 16-channel parallel characterisation system.
Credit: Adam Surmiak, Xiongfeng Lin
Adam Surmiak at work in the laboratory.
Credit: Exciton Science.

Paper details

High-throughput characterization of perovskite solar cells for rapid combinatorial screening

DOI: 10.1002/solr.202000097

Journal: Solar RRL

Authors:
Maciej Adam Surmiak1, Tian Zhang2, Jianfeng Lu2, Kevin James Rietwyk2, Sonia Ruiz Raga2, David Patrick McMeekin2, Udo Bach2

  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Monash University,Victoria 3800, Australia
  2. ARC Centre of Excellence for Exciton Science,Monash University,Victoria 3800,  Australia

Funding

Support of this work by the Australian Centre for Advanced Photovoltaics (ACAP), the Australian Renewable Energy Agency and the ARC Centres of Excellence in Exciton Science (ACEX; CE170100026).

More about the ARC Centre of Excellence in Exciton Science:

The Centre of Excellence in Exciton Science is funded by the Australian Research Council to bring together researchers and industry to discover new ways to source and use energy. The Centre is a collaboration between Australian universities and international partners to research better ways to manipulate the way light energy is absorbed, transported and transformed in advanced molecular materials. It works with industry partners to find innovative solutions for renewable energy in solar energy conversion, energy-efficient lighting and displays, security labelling and optical sensor platforms for defence.  https://excitonscience.com/