Earth’s past gives clues to future changes

Oz Research of Note (in progress)

Scientists are a step closer to predicting when and where earthquakes will occur after taking a fresh look at the formation of the Andes, which began 45 million years ago. International research led by an Australian describes a new approach to plate tectonics. It is the first model to go beyond illustrating how plates move, and explain why. Although the theory had been applied only to one plate boundary so far, it has broader application, the researchers say. Understanding the forces driving tectonic plates will allow researchers to predict shifts and their consequences, including the formation of mountain ranges, opening and closing of oceans, and earthquakes.

Dr Fabio Capitanio, School of Geosciences, Monash University